What is Pediatrician?
A specialist doctor dealing with infants, toddlers,newborn babies and children upto the age of 14 years is a Pediatrician. Online Pediatricians provide opinion & primary evaluation of child health.
What are BEHAVIOUR ISSUES?
Children throw tantrums, get moody, angry and say lies. There are many such behavioral issues we face with toddlers and children.
Every second child is prone to temper tantrums and it is extremely common in most countries worldwide.
Gets angry or jealous easily
Says lies for no reason
Doesn't obey parents
Therapy of strong-willed children is not targeted at the child, instead it is the parents that have to develop
strong emotions to understand why the child does so. Behavior of a child is a reflection of all that the children's
parents actually do with him that he observes. Children lie because they're afraid that you will scold them from a
past experience of the same.
Also children (and even adults) are not prepared for things to go against what they expect and plan. So if you make
a commitment, honour it. Setting expectations is extremely important in such children. Suppose taking a child to the
supermarket, tell him/her that they will get only 1 thing that they want and their budget is XYZ amount only. The
child soon behaves responsibly to earn himself a reward now. A pediatrician will assess for any behavioral issues
that may affect the growth of the baby as well and advise accordingly.
Childhood is full of such problems and with time most children learn to handle these situations and 'grow up’ soon.
This requires a lot of patience from parents who must monitor the child and support wherever required.
What is Flu?
A viral illness that causes discomfort in children.
Most children by the age of 14 have had at least one or more episodes of flu.
- Colds or running nose
- Throat pain
- Difficulty in breathing
- Wheezing in chest
A thorough examination reveals the severity of the condition and appropriately treatment is administered.
Health usually improves after therapy and recovery is soon.
What is Gastroenteritis?
An illness involving the digestive system that causes stomach discomfort in children.
Most children by the age of 14 have had at least one or more episodes of Acute Gastroenteritis(AGE).
- Stomach pain
- Diarrhoea or loose stools
- Fatigue and lethargy
A thorough examination reveals the severity of the condition and appropriately treatment is administered. General principles of treatment are to treat and prevent dehydration and to control fever and infection. Antibiotics may be recommended depending on the symptoms and blood tests may be required.
Health usually improves after appropriate treatments and recovery is soon.
What is Lactation Problems?
A very common problem presenting at birth or later, where breastfeeding mothers or breastfed babies babies have problems latching on.
A lactation expert helps makes the process easier if you have one or a doctor like a Paediatrician or Obstetrician Gynaecologist can also help you. A specialist will teach you the right technique of feeding the baby and making it at the right intervals for the baby’s convenience. An infant, toddler, neonate all have different requirements of milk, especially when other milks like complement feeding has begun or when weaning has begun.
The normal lactation usually begins within a couple of minutes after birth itself, since the baby has gone through a lot during delivery and hence is starved for vital fluids and minerals.
A mother’s milk is the sole food a baby is provided and this is the age of exclusive breastfeeding. Unless otherwise advised by your Paediatrician, do not feed the baby anything apart from milk, not even water. A baby’s body is not prepared for the osmolarity of water and even the most distilled water contains a few micro-organisms that the baby has no immunity to deal with.
It is surely better to speak with a Pediatrician if facing any issues with lactating or bottle feeding your child.
What is URI?
An infection of the upper respiratory tract in children is called URI.
Extremely common in India. Every child has had a URI atleast once in their childhood.
Cough, dry or with sputum
Fever may or may not be present
Running nose or colds
Loss of appetite
Weakness and reduces physical activity
Tachycardia or high heart rate
Tachypnea or fast/shallow breathing
The child doctor will suggest a course based on the child’s present condition. In case of cough alone, a
mucolytic(that prevents mucous) or an expectorant(that brings out the mucous) cough syrup maybe prescribed. FOr
fever, round the clock paracetamol is given, dose by dose, only if fever develops, calculated as per the child’s
weight/age. In rare cases, dehydration may set in and requires hospitalization. Also if the child is unable to
breathe or if vital signs are unstable, monitoring and nebulization are given. Steam inhalation plays a good role in
fighting off the colds. Antibiotics are prescribed in case chest congestion persists and blood tests or x-rays maybe
done to check parameters and gauge degree of infection.
Recovery is soon in most cases, however few patients may require hospitalization and management.