What is Orthopedic?
Orthopedic doctor takes care of problems pertaining to human joints, bones & structure of bones. They cater to multiple issues like Spine Injury, Arthritis, Fractures, Sports Injury, Knee Pain, Ankle Pain, Joint Pain etc. Orthopedic consultation online can help patients with opinion on surgery, primary evaluation of pain or injury.
What is Arthritis?
An illness that causes pain and stiffness in the joints with ageing.
Fairly common illness with more than 10 million cases every year in India.
Arthritis affects different joints depending on the type of illness you are affected with. Most common joints affected are knee joint, elbow joint, small joints of the fingers and ankle joint. While rheumatoid arthritis has morning sickness in particular, ankylosing spondylitis has back pain which is on and off. Diagnosis is made by the Orthopedic depending on the severity, type and location of pain and stiffness of your joints and other blood tests like ANA, Rheumatoid factor and your family history.
Medications are usually prescribed to ease the inflammation causing the pain and to alleviate further symptoms. Painkillers form the mainstay of treatment, however your doctor may advise corticosteroids orally or via injections to help if the pain is too much.
Usually patients improve with the correct treatment and symptoms are controlled. Complications are very less, however complete cure is not always achievable and illness may relapse.
What is Fractures?
A fracture is a break or crack in a bone that is not normal, which maybe caused by trauma or due to physiologic stress.
One in every 5 individuals have had a fracture in some part of their body once in the lifetime at least.
A fracture is a very painful sudden event, which can be classified into multiple types. Broadly, the symptoms range from bleeding(internal or external), deformity developing at the site of the injury, pain and localized tenderness over the bone and joints around the affected area.
An X-ray and other tests maybe done to properly diagnose the type and condition of the broken bone. A treatment plan maybe to plaster the bone and keep it immobile so that healing can take place without disturbance to the injury. Other fractures, which may be complicated can require a surgical intervention to repair the bone and may or may not involve inserting an implant (usually metal) to keep the fragments in place.
Usually patients improve with the correct treatment. Complications are very less and repair takes place in a few months. Rarely a repeat surgery is required unless an implant needs to be removed post-healing phase.
What is Joint Replacement?
Knee or Hip replacement surgery is advised to those patients where the bone joints are affected or damaged beyond repair. In such a patient, the Orthopedic doctor always advises to replace a joint with an artificial joint.
Both knee replacement and hip replacement or arthroplasty are very common orthopedic procedures with over 1 lac surgeries every year in India itself.
persistent joint pain
trauma to knee or hip
pain while walking
- meniscal tear
The surgery by itself is a slightly long procedure and can be suggested by an Orthopaedic doctor once the diagnosis
is clear. The surgery is done only once clearance is given to prevent risks due to issues such as aging, diabetes
and hypertension. If the joint cannot be treated conservatively and cannot be saved, it is replaced with an implant.
These implants lie in place well for over 10 years. Blood tests and labs are done to reduce risk of clotting post
surgery. Pain relief and general anesthesia maybe used in hip replacement vs spinal anesthesia in knee replacement
depending on the patient. The surgery is done only once clearance is given to prevent risks due to issues such as
aging, diabetes and hypertension.
Recovery is soon in most cases, however few patients may require bed rest and can suffer minor complications. Often
bed rest is advised initially and after that early mobility is encouraged. Once the surgery is complete, follow up
ensures low risk of wound-related problems.
What is Sprain/Strain?
A Sprain is a ligament injury that occurs due to blunt trauma to the injured part.
A very common illness that affects more than 10 million persons every year.
The symptoms of the sprain or strain vary from injured joint but include pain commonly.
- In cases of sprained ankle, there will often be swelling of the surrounding tissues,tenderness and some
or inability to walk.
- In case of sprained knee, the ligaments within the joint are affected, causing bruising, tenderness and
In case of sprained wrist, swelling is common causing a deformity that indicates injury.
- In case of sprained thumb, there is blunt pain as well as fluid accumulation.
Conservative management is done based on the degree of injury and if there is any tear of the associated ligaments. An Orthopedic or bone doctor will discuss with you after an initial examination and x-rays about the severity of the problem. Rest is advised for a week and a crepe bandage application helps in healing.
Most cases heal without any issues and recovery is soon. Rarely a surgery maybe advised, especially for knee cases where the damage is higher and can cause risky consequences.