What is Gastroenterologist?
A specialist doctor dealing with problems of the gastrointestinal tract. They study the physiology or organs & mobility of food in esophagus, small intestine, stomach, pancreas, bile ducts, colon & rectum, gallbladder and liver.
Common conditions are hepatitis, gastroesophageal reflux (heartburn), peptic ulcer disease, gallbladder and biliary tract disease, irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) & pancreatitis
What is GERD?
GERD is Gastroesophageal Reflux disease, which causes patients to have gastric discomfort.
One in every 5 individuals suffers from GERD anytime in their life.
Gastric discomfort that can produce symptoms such as burping, excessive flatulence, pain or burning sensation over chest and stomach region (epigastric), feeling of uneasiness, reflux of acid or food eaten with taste in mouth after meals, nausea or vomiting.
The mainstay of treatment is to detect the cause of the problem and understand triggers, accordingly treatment plans are devised to improve overall health and well-being of gut. Often other tests may also be necessary to cut risks of diet-related illnesses that may co-exist.
Most cases are controlled and improve with treatment. Medications may be prescribed short-term or lifelong, but improvement is quite clear.
What is Piles?
Piles (Ano-rectal/Anal Fissure, Fistula, Hemorrhoids) is a collective group of problems of the anus, rectum and anal sphincter with different stages of abnormalities.
At least one out of every 3 persons has been affected with some form of piles at some point in their lifespan.
Bleeding, pain and itching along with a lump around the anal site are the top common symptoms reported by patients. However, constipation is found to be another sign common to the group, which can cause these problems.
A full physical examination with a detailed history helps in diagnosing and treating the type of piles. Treatment is often based on the cause and a Gastroenterologist will provide the best therapy. Options range from ointments to stool softeners, or home treatments like Sitz baths to control the spread, while precautions are maintained to eat enough fibre food and water to avoid constipation and further worsening of the issue.
Most cases are controlled and improve with treatment. Medications are usually prescribed short-term and improvement is quite clear. Very few cases may require surgery and even then condition gets better soon after recovery.