Who is a Cancer doctor?
An oncologist is a doctor dealing with management of cancer and its therapy.
The different types of oncologists are:
-Chemotherapy Oncologists/Palliative Care & Pain Specialists
Effect and Treatment:
Most times cancer can be detected and prevented from progressing.
Early detection and treatment is the key to the disease management.
Also patients must be aware of new symptoms that develop as they can be signs of cancer
spreading itself or side effects of the medicine or chemotherapy itself.
Also there are a type of cancers especially in women like breast, ovarian and
cervical, that can be prevented to a certain extent by taking a vaccine against a
virus that causes it. HPV or human papilloma virus can be avoided by taking 2 doses of a
vaccine called Gardasil or Cervarix. A little proactive help for yourself goes a long way women.
So spread the word to all those you know if you haven’t taken the vaccine or they haven’t.
Very few women have access to these life-saving vaccines, so while you can, take the advantage
and speak to your doctor about it. Anyone above the age of 18, or those sexually active are
usually eligible for it.
What is Chemotherapy Oncologists?
These specialize in treatment of cancers that can be treated with chemotherapy and refer to other oncology specialities if need be in addition. Also they specialise in end-stage cancers, pain therapy and look after patients requiring palliative care. This usually forms the mainstay of treatment and they manage the overall treatment plan of patients.
What is Radiation Oncologists?
These specialize in treatment of patients who require radiotherapy as form of treatment for any type or stage of cancer and the dosage and timing of the therapy. Radiotherapy is the passage of radio waves at calculated intervals in calculated doses to a target area of tissue, to kill cancer cells.
What is Surgical Oncologists?
These specialize in surgical removal or “de burdening” of the malignant mass or tumor and diagnosing the type and stage of the cancer and forming a treatment plan. This is especially true in Breast cancer and lung cancer where removal of the mass helps the treatment and prognosis. Unlike other areas of the body, often removal of organs might be required, in which case a transplant may be necessary to replace the functionality like in case of pancreas or liver.