CBC measures several components of the blood such as RBC, WBC, platelets, hematocrit, haemoglobin etc. Abnormal increase or decrease in any of the component may indicate the presence of some medical condition which might need further attention by your medical health professional.
When To Get Tested▼▲
- In cases for a routine health check-up annually
- In cases of fever and other signs of infection to check for differential count
- In cases of Cancers, to monitor overall health
- In cases of hospitalization for most ailments, to get a brief basic picture of the blood and monitor for sepsis or other health issues
Test Result & Interpretation▼▲
- Hemoglobin count less than 10 is considered low.
- WBC or leukocyte count more than 10 is considered high.
- A Differential count has various interpretations, based on the clinical correlation.
- RBC count that is higher or lower than the reference range maybe insignificant or based on clinical correlation, may be pathologic.
- MCHC, MCV, etc are significant when other parameters are also deranged.
- A total leucocyte count that is lesser than the reference range may suggest certain disorders.
A higher than usual total leucocyte count may usually mean a bacterial infection or sepsis, or other conditions and may require antibiotic treatment.
A Hemoglobin less than 9 may usually be considered as an illness/condition called anaemia in most cases. More insight into this is given by parameters such as MCHC, MCV, etc.
The differential count gives us the various types of leucocytes, each indicative of types of infections.
Higher Neutrophils may mean a bacterial pathology of the infection, whereas higher lymphocytes may mean a viral cause.
Eosinophils usually are increased in parasitic infections and allergic conditions.
Monocytes are also increased in particular specific viral infections, while Basophils are usually insignificant.
These are all treatable conditions and require a thorough history and examination.You should see a Physician to get help diagnose and treat you if you have symptoms, especially fever.
Blood components are not directly co-related to lifestyle changes. So there is no way a person can directly change the number of RBC or WBC in the blood. Treating the health condition is the only option to restore the blood cell components.
What are the other tests my doctor can prescribe after an abnormal CBC result?
The follow-up test generally depends on the CBC test result:
- If the CBC test result has an abnormal RBC count, your doctor may further ask to have vitamin B12 test, iron test etc to help make the diagnosis.
- For an abnormal WBC count, cultures such as sputum culture, blood culture or urine culture may be prescribed.
- In case of inflammation, ESR may be ordered by the health professional.
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